Gerrit Rietveld first concieved of his now-iconic Zig-Zag Chair in the early 1930s, an extension of his reseach into chair designs that can be easily mass produced. The Zig-Zag is a chair without legs, resembling a bolt of lightening formed by four sheets of wood, unencombered by separate supporting elements. The design was commercially produced by Metz & Co in Amsterdam from the mid-1930s to the 1950s. This example dates to 1936.
Rietveld (1888–1964) was a Dutch architect-designer who had an enormous impact on the development of Modernist design in the 20th century. One of the principal members of the Dutch De Stijl movement, he is famous for his Red Blue Chair and for the Rietveld Schröder House, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.